Basic bartending, know the base wine of cocktail

From the beginning of this article, I will start to compare and systematically introduce some tutorials related to making cocktails, hoping to help everyone.

From the introduction to bartending to the bottle throwing series, basic bartending tutorials, understanding the base wine of cocktails.

What is the base wine of the cocktail?

In fact, the base wine of a cocktail is the most important taste in a glass of cocktail, that is, the taste of alcohol, and it is also the most indispensable part of a cocktail. Almost all cocktails are based on the base wine and add other ingredients. Seasoned.

Classification of base wine?

In fact, it is the foreign wines people around us talk about. Generally speaking, they are the five major base wines (vodka, gin, whiskey, brandy, rum) or the six major (vodka, gin, whiskey, brandy, rum, tequila) The difference is that there is no Tequila (agave). As for some Chinese liquors mentioned on the Internet, I’m sorry, everyone knows that liquor is rarely drunk like this, but in recent years there has been a wonderful work called “Jiang Xiaobai “It’s very interesting to have the opportunity to talk about it alone.

Next, introduce each base wine separately

Vodka, a classic spirit from Russia, a favorite of the fighting nation, a warm current series in winter, is a high-quality liquor distilled from corn, barley, potatoes, etc. as raw materials. Then add water to make a distilled spirit of about 40-60 degrees. The basic… is the smell of alcohol.
However, for this reason, the flavor of vodka itself is not very strong, and it is very easy to mix with any soft drink into a delicious drink.
famous brand:
Stolichaya Red Card Vodka (Soviet Red Card)
Absolut Vodka (absolute vodka), this is a Swedish brand

Common reconstituted wines:
Screwdriver, Moscow mule, Bloody Mary, Passion Coast

Whisky or spelled as Whiskey, derived from the name “Water of Life”, is a series of grain distilled spirits. It is not a spirit distilled from barley alone. Most of the distilled whiskey needs to be aged in oak barrels. The taste of cereals is very strong, and different whiskeys have completely different flavors.

famous brand:
Chivas: No need to introduce the name of Chivas…

Johnnie Walker: Maybe many people are not familiar with this name. The Chinese people should be more familiar with red (card) and black (card)… The one in the middle of the first picture is black.
Jack Daniels: Well, it should be in KTV.
Common reconstituted wines:
Godfather, Manhattan, Jack Daniels and Coke? Does this count…
(But if you want to buy whiskey here, please do not buy any of the above brands, it is very expensive…please consider Ballantine, Bai Zhanbian)

Gin, also called geneva or gin, is this one.

Grain distilled spirits are distilled spirits made with various spices based on juniper berries. The flavor is relatively uniform, but it is divided into several major categories of wine flavors. Gin is often referred to as the first of the six base wines of cocktails.
famous brand:
British Brand Gin (Be Fidelity): Founded in 1820, it is the only gin brand that is still produced in London.
Add benefits: brands under the Diageo Group (Johnnie Walker, Baileys, etc., yes, there is also Shuijingfang…).
Common reconstituted wines:
Gin and Tonic, Martini

Brandy, a wine made by distilling and concentrating wine. In fact, it is not necessarily grapes, as long as all fruit wines can be called brandy. The aging process still exists, general classification VS (over three years), VSOP (over four years of wine age), Napoleon (over six years of wine age), XO (over eight years of wine age), Extra (wine age over 15 years) Above), generally speaking, the longer the aging, the darker the color… But sorry, all wineries use caramel toning…
famous brand:
Hennessy: The first bottle in picture 1, expensive…can’t afford it
Remy Martin: Uh…I can’t afford anything I sell here anyway
Martell: Uh…I still can’t afford what I sell here anyway

Common reconstituted wines:
B&B, Alexander Brandy

Rum, sugar cane or molasses fermented and distilled wine, spicy taste and cheap, a must for sailors and pirates. It has a caramel aroma and is an essential ingredient for cocktail preparation.

Common brewable wine
Eggnog, Free Cuba, Blue Hawaii

I remember that in the past few years, I didn’t say anything about the six base wines, but with the popularity of tequila in recent years, there have been a lot of tequila cocktails. Tequila, from Mexico, is a distilled spirit series made from the core of agave grass. There is a aging process for agave, but the barrel is very random, and it can even be bottled (white) without aging, so the quality may vary greatly.
But tequila… the bottle looks good.

Common brews:


I’m so exhausted… Finally, I hope you can choose your favorite flavor after reading this article. In fact, you may wish to buy it and try it, but I really don’t recommend buying it all at once. After all, there are some I really can’t drink…


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